Reduced risk of shortage of cleaning fluid for diesel vehicles

Charlie Taylor

The transport industry is worried about the availability of the cleaning fluid Adblue required in diesel vehicles and the issue will also be raised in the Riksdag. But Sweden’s two largest suppliers give reassuring information. “As long as there is Russian gas, we have no delivery problems,” says Mikael Edsäter at Yara Sweden.Published: 19 April 2022, 13:31Virtually all diesel-powered cars, buses and trucks now have technology to clean the exhaust gases from harmful nitrogen oxides. This so-called SCR technology works by injecting the liquid Adblue into the exhaust system. Without Adblue, it is not possible to continue driving the vehicles because they are programmed to have effective exhaust gas cleaning. This makes the availability of Adblue a socially critical issue that for several reasons has now ended up in flash lighting. Russia is one of the world’s largest suppliers of the raw material urea and with the country’s war of aggression against Ukraine, the supply chains have been broken. The tug-of-war over the liquid is also increasing by using the same kind of raw materials in fertilizers that are under heavy pressure in the spring. In addition, urea production in several European countries, especially Germany, is dependent on Russian natural gas. Adblue prices have doubled since the outbreak for shortages has increased. Last week, the “Transport sector in collaboration in the event of societal disruptions” (TP Sams) held a meeting with both industry representatives and authorities to raise the issue. “There is a clear concern in the entire industry,” says Anders Landén, who is independent chairman of TP Sams. The country’s hauliers are already struggling with high diesel prices and the Adblue issue makes the future uncertain. . The forecasts going forward are very uncertain and we see a societal problem that is growing, says Ulric Långberg, industry manager at Sweden’s Åkeriföretag. One measure that is discussed is whether it may be relevant with rationing and, if so, which order of priority should apply. Another is whether the vehicles’ software should be reprogrammed so that they can run without Adblue. This in turn would lead to untreated exhaust fumes and a step back for the environment. In addition, it is practically a comprehensive measure. “It is of course a very large apparatus with workshop visits for all vehicles and for that political decisions are required,” says Anders Landén. Both Minister of Infrastructure Tomas Eneroth and Minister of Energy Khashayar Farmanbar have received questions from MPs from M respectively SD on measures in the event of a shortage of Adblue in order not to stop the heavy traffic. But according to the two largest suppliers in Sweden, the risk of a shortage is not imminent. In any case, not as long as Russian gas is allowed to flow to Europe. ”As long as there is gas, there are no problems. We have no delivery problems at all now, but theoretically we could supply the whole of Sweden’s needs, but it has become a hamsting behavior just like with toilet paper at the corona outbreak “, says Mikael Edsäter, business area manager at Yara Sweden which is the largest Adblue supplier both in Sweden and in Europe. The company is 30 percent owned by the Norwegian state and the production of Adblue, which is delivered to Sweden, takes place in Germany and the Netherlands. Another major Adblue supplier is Arom-Dekor in Lockryd outside Borås. As the company previously bought Russian urea for its production in Finland, there was a risk of a shortage in connection with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. ”We completely stopped trading with Russia and then we were worried that stocks would not be enough. Now the most critical period is over because we have managed to buy urea from Turkey and Spain “, says CEO Christian Lundell. He does not think that any rationing will be required.” The biggest problem now is the costs, but the risk of shortage is less, ”he says.

Briefly about Adblue

AdBlue is a colorless liquid that consists of a mixture of deionized water and urea substances. Urea is synthetically made of ammonia. AdBlue is used in vehicles that have exhaust gas purification systems with SCR technology. The liquid converts hazardous nitrogen oxides from the diesel engine to nitrogen and steam. Source: Yara and Arom-Dekor. Karin Olander

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