Bitcoin debt securities? Understand how it works

El Salvador x Bitcoin

El Salvador has announced that it will issue Bitcoin-linked debt.

And how will this be done? Through the use of a second layer solution (Liquid Network), developed by Blockstream.

Operation context

President Bukele has announced that he will build the world's first Bitcoin City (“Bitcoin City”) with 0% tax on income, capital gains, property or payroll.

To finance the construction, two classes of Bonds will be issued initially, totaling US$ 1 billion (about R$ 5.6 billion, in today's quotation).

This billion dollar amount will be divided into 2 distinct classes, as explained below:

  • First class of Bonds: it will be a debt security backed by BTC, where the country will buy 500 million dollars in ₿ (Bitcoin) in cash, or “spot”, as it is called in English.
  • Second Class Bonds: This will be a title linked to the construction of a second geothermal power plant, which will serve both to feed Bitcoin City and to feed new mining farms.

The type of investment involved in the operation of this second class is a little unusual for bitcoin investors, who are not used to this type of operation linked to physical assets, in general.

However, it is a very common type of operation in the traditional market. With it, it is possible to raise funds to build some future asset, without having to resort to bank loans.

What are “bonds”?

“Bonds” can be translated as “Bonds” or “Bonds” (in the sense of a payment obligation).

In this case, a bond is a fixed-income (or even variable, which is less common) instrument that represents a loan made by an investor (usually borrowed from a company or government), with characteristics similar to common loans (such as interest and defined payment term), and which can be traded, like any interest-paying asset.

Bond prices are inversely correlated with promising interest rates:

When rates rise, bond prices fall, and vice versa.

Default x Bitcoin

Regarding the defined payment term, when it does not occur on the agreed due date, the so-called “ Default ” occurs, which is when the company or the government cannot pay previous debts.

Often, in the case of government defaults , more money is issued to pay off old debts. From this issue, a rather feared side effect emerges: the inflation of the currency in the country starts to increase, and the population starts to lose purchasing power day after day.

The problem there is when this process gets out of control, and inflation becomes a negative and vicious cycle of issuing new debts to pay off previous debts, and increasing inflation.

Obviously, that's a risk Bitcoin won't take. This is because, given the algorithm, there is a limited number of bitcoins to be mined in the world.

Currently, there are 18,880,493 BTC in circulation, which represents 90% of the total Bitcoins that will exist in the world in a few decades (21,000,000).

Read more:

  • Discover Bitcoin City, the world's first 'hyperbitcoinized' city
  • iFinex Announces Agreement to Collaborate with the Government of El Salvador to Create Digital Assets and Their Regulatory Frameworks
  • Bitcoin speculation in El Salvador driven by centralized wallet

Content Bitcoin debt securities? Understand how it works first appeared in Cointimes .

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